Relational operant skills training increases standardized matrices scores in adolescents: A stratified active-controlled trial

McLoughlin, Shane, Tyndall, Ian and Pereira, Antonina (2020) Relational operant skills training increases standardized matrices scores in adolescents: A stratified active-controlled trial. Journal of Behavioral Education. ISSN 1053-0819

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Abstract

In recent years, small-scale studies have suggested that we may be able to substantially strengthen children's general cognitive abilities and intelligence quotient (IQ) scores using a relational operant skills training program (SMART). Only one of these studies to date has included an active Control Condition, and that study reported the smallest mean IQ rise. The present study is a larger stratified active-controlled trial to independently test the utility of SMART training for raising NVIQ and processing speed. We measured personality traits, NVIQs, and processing speeds of a cohort of school pupils (aged 12-15). Participants were allocated to either a SMART intervention group or a Scratch computer coding control group, for a period of three months. We reassessed pupils’ NVIQs and processing speeds after the three-month intervention. We observed a significant mean increase in the SMART training group’s (final nexp = 43) Non-Verbal IQs of 5.98 points, while there was a non-significant increase of 1.85 points in the Scratch active-control group (final ncont = 27). We also observed an increase in processing speed across both conditions (final nexp = 70; ncont = 55) over Time. Our results suggest that relational skills training may be useful for improving performance on matrices tasks, and perhaps in future, accelerating children’s progression towards developmental milestones.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: SMART training, relational frame theory, personality, matrices, processing speed, cognitive ability, brain-training
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Departments > Psychology and Counselling
Depositing User: Ian Tyndall
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2020 11:43
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2020 11:43
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/5271

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