Childhood Trauma and the Role of Self-blame on Psychological Well-being after Deployment in Male Veterans

Dorresteijn, Sasja, Gladwin, Thomas Edward, Eekhout, Iris, Vermetten, Eric and Geuze, Elbert (2019) Childhood Trauma and the Role of Self-blame on Psychological Well-being after Deployment in Male Veterans. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 10 (1). ISSN 2000-8066

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Background: Childhood trauma and combat-related trauma are both associated with decreased psychosocial functioning. Coping strategies play an important role in the adjustment to traumatic events.
Objective: The present study examined childhood trauma and the mediating role of coping strategies in adult psychological symptoms in a non-clinical military population after deployment to Afghanistan. Additionally, the moderating role of coping strategies in vulnerability to combat events was explored.
Method: Participants (N = 932) were drawn from a prospective study assessing psychological complaints (SCL-90), early trauma (ETISR-SF), combat-related events and coping strategies (Brief COPE). Mediation analyses via joint significance testing and moderation analyses were performed.
Results: Childhood trauma is related to adult symptoms of general anxiety, depression and problems concerning interpersonal sensitivity through the mediation of self-blame as a coping strategy. Some evidence was found that self-blame moderated vulnerability to combat-related events resulting in psychological complaints, specifically symptoms of anxiety and depression.
Conclusion: Military personnel should be made aware of self-criticizing maladaptive belief systems when dealing with aversive events. Negative beliefs about oneself and distorted trauma-related cognitions may have a basis in childhood events. Self-blame cognitions may be a potential mechanism of change in empirically supported trauma interventions such as cognitive processing therapy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Childhood trauma, coping, combat-related stress, self-blame, veterans
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare > HV40 Social service. Social work. Charilty organisation and pracitce > HV697 Protection, assistance and relief > HV701 Children
U Military Science > U Military Science (General)
Divisions: Research Centres > POWER Centre
Departments > Psychology and Counselling
Depositing User: Thomas Gladwin
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2019 15:52
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2020 10:06

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