An examination of transformation of evaluative and consequential functions through derived relations with participant generated values-relevant stimuli

Sandoz, E. K., Bordieri, M. J., Boullion, G. Q. and Tyndall, I. (2021) An examination of transformation of evaluative and consequential functions through derived relations with participant generated values-relevant stimuli. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 21. pp. 144-157. ISSN 2212-1447

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Abstract

Values-affirmation interventions have demonstrated efficacy in increasing approach behavior in the context of
potential threat. In other words, writing about values seems associated with changes to the functions of previously aversive events. Evaluative conditioning and derived relational responding have been offered as possible
mechanisms by which values interventions change behavior. The current study aimed to extend the extant
literature by demonstrating derived relational responding and subsequent transformation of evaluative and
consequential functions with values-relevant stimuli. Participants were 34 undergraduate students. Participants
generated personally meaningful values-relevant stimuli after engaging in a values-affirmation task and were
subsequently trained through matching to sample to coordinate a subset of those stimuli to arbitrary stimuli. All
participants exhibited mutual entailment, and all but one exhibited combinatorial entailment, suggesting that
individuals learn to coordinate events with values quite readily. Further, there was evidence of transformation of
functions, both in terms of changes in ratings of derived stimuli and in terms of changes in approach and escape
behavior. These data are offered in support of continued scientific exploration of what values are, how they
emerge, and how they are best intervened upon.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Emily K. Sandoz, Michael J. Bordieri, Gina Q. Boullion, Ian Tyndall, An examination of transformation of evaluative and consequential functions through derived relations with participant-generated values-relevant stimuli, Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, Volume 21, 2021, Pages 144-157, ISSN 2212-1447, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcbs.2021.07.002.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Values, Derived relational responding, Relational frame theory, Verbal behavior, Transformation of function
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Academic Areas > Institute of Education, Social and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Angela Roberts
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2021 12:43
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2022 13:27
URI: https://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/6096

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