Memory complaints in amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment: more prospective or retrospective?

de Mendonca, A., Felgueiras, H., Verdelho, A., Câmara, S., Grilo, C., Maroco, J., Pereira, A. and Guerreiro, M. (2018) Memory complaints in amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment: more prospective or retrospective? International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 33 (8). pp. 1011-1018. ISSN 0885-6230

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Patients with amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (aMCI), usually considered an early stage of Alzheimer´s disease, have deficits not only in retrospective memory (RM), that is, recalling of past events, words or people, but also on prospective memory (PM), the cognitive ability of remembering to execute delayed intentions in the future. It is still controversial whether patients with aMCI refer more PM complaints as compared to RM complaints, and whether this might depend upon short-term vs. long-term items or time-based vs. event-based tasks.
Patients with aMCI (n=178) and healthy controls (n=160) underwent the Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ), a 16-itens instrument to appraise differences between PM and RM complaints, as well as a general mental state examination, a subjective memory complaints questionnaire, objective memory tests, and assessment of depressive symptoms and activities of daily living.
Patients with aMCI reported more memory complaints evaluated with the PRMQ (total score =44.3±10.8) as compared to controls (36.7±9.8, p<0.001). Using a mixed effect repeated-measures analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), showed that participants generally referred more retrospective than prospective memory complaints. Patients with aMCI had significantly more complaints on short-term memory as compared to long-term memory, and more complaints in time-based (auto-initiated) as compared to event-based tasks, than healthy controls.
In conclusion, patients with aMCI reported significantly more difficulties on short-term memory, presumably reflecting internal temporal lobe pathology typical of Alzheimer´s disease, and more complaints on time-based tasks, which are cognitively very demanding, but did not seem particularly troubled regarding prospective memory.

Publication Type: Articles
Additional Information: 1099-1166 (eISSN)
Uncontrolled Keywords: event based, long-term memory, mild cognitive impairment, prospective memory, retrospective memory, short-term memory, tirm based.Geriatrics and Gerontology, Psychiatry and Mental health.
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: Academic Areas > Institute of Education, Social and Life Sciences > Psychology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Antonina Pereira
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2018 08:41
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2021 13:23

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