Gain +1 or Avoid -1: Validation of the German Regulatory Focus Questionnaire (RFQ)

Schmalbach, B., Zenger, M., Spina, R., Steffens-Guerra, I., Kliem, S., Michaelides, M. and Hinz, A. (2017) Gain +1 or Avoid -1: Validation of the German Regulatory Focus Questionnaire (RFQ). BioMed Psychology, 5 (40). pp. 1-11. ISSN 2050-7283

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Background: The Regulatory Focus Questionnaire (RFQ) assesses regulatory promotion and prevention focus, which
represent orientations towards gains or losses. The main objective of this study was to examine the psychometric
properties of the newly translated German version.
Methods: A sample of 1024 participants answered the questionnaire and several related instruments. We used an
online survey tool to collect this data. Data analysis was conducted using methods of exploratory and confirmatory factor
analysis in SPSS and AMOS.
Results: The RFQ displayed acceptable reliability, while its correlations with other, related psychological constructs
indicated good validity. Factor analysis showed good fit for a two-dimensional model. Tests of measurement invariance
revealed clear evidence for metric invariance while scalar invariance remained uncertain. Differences in regulatory focus
based on sociodemographic characteristics are reported and discussed.
Conclusions: Overall, the RFQ can be recommended for application in fields dealing with motivation and goal attainment
in a broad sense.

Publication Type: Articles
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Q Science > Q Science (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R735 Medical education. Medical schools. Research
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Research Entities > POWER Centre
Academic Areas > Institute of Education, Social and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Roy Spina
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2018 15:46
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2018 15:46

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