Children’s understanding of mixed emotions in self and other: Verbal reports and visual representations

Burkitt, Esther, Lowry, Ruth G. and Fotheringham, Francesca (2018) Children’s understanding of mixed emotions in self and other: Verbal reports and visual representations. Infant and Child Development, 27 (3). ISSN 1522-7219

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Abstract

Patterns of simultaneous experiences of mixed emotion have been found in adulthood using analogue emotion scales (AES) that measure subjective intensity and duration of two emotions in one graph. Children report simultaneous emotions increasingly between 5 and 7 years of age. These reports may underestimate the type of simultaneous experiences. This research piloted an extended interview and AES to assess subjective mixed emotion types in childhood. One hundred and eighty children (91 girls, 89 boys) between 5 years 2 months and 7 years 3 months (M= 6 years 3 months) were allocated to two conditions (self: n= 90, other: n= 90), hearing a vignette describing a mixed emotion event occurring either to another child or to themselves. Loglinear analysis of reported and graphed responses showed simple, sequential, prevalence, inverse, and highly simultaneous emotion experiences. Younger children reported more single and sequential experiences. Older children reported and graphed more simultaneous experiences. Mixed emotion varied by measure type with more prevalence experiences graphed than reported and more inverse experiences reported than graphed. The results indicate the potential for the utility of the adapted AES for use with children.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Online ahead of print issue e2076
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Departments > Psychology and Counselling
Depositing User: Esther Burkitt
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2017 14:56
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 01:10
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/3118

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