The acute exercise-cognition interaction: From the catecholamines hypothesis to an interoception model

McMorris, T. (2021) The acute exercise-cognition interaction: From the catecholamines hypothesis to an interoception model. International journal of psychophysiology, 170. pp. 75-88. ISSN 0167-8760

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Abstract

An interoception model for the acute exercise-cognition interaction is presented. During exercise following the norepinephrine threshold, interoceptive feedback induces increased tonic release of extracellular catecholamines, facilitating phasic release hence better cognitive performance of executive functions. When exercise intensity increases to maximum, the nature of task-induced norepinephrine release from the locus coeruleus is dependent on interaction between motivation, perceived effort costs and perceived availability of resources. This is controlled by interaction between the rostral and dorsolateral prefrontal cortices, orbitofrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex and anterior insula cortex. If perceived available resources are sufficient to meet predicted effort costs and reward value is high, tonic release from the locus coeruleus is attenuated thus facilitating phasic release, therefore cognition is not inhibited. However, if perceived available resources are insufficient to meet predicted effort costs or reward value is low, tonic release from the locus coeruleus is induced, attenuating phasic release. As a result, cognition is inhibited, although long-term memory and tasks that require switching to new stimuli-response couplings are probably facilitated.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Terry McMorris, The acute exercise-cognition interaction: From the catecholamines hypothesis to an interoception model, International Journal of Psychophysiology,170, 2021, pp 75-88, ISSN 0167-8760, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2021.10.005
Uncontrolled Keywords: Motivation, Locus coeruleus, Orbitofrontal cortex, Anterior cingulate cortex, Effort cost, Insula cortex
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: Academic Areas > Institute of Sport > Area > Sport and Exercise Psychology and Research Methods
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router Jisc
Depositing User: Publications Router Jisc
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2021 10:37
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2022 11:21
URI: https://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/6049

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