The impact of self-affirmation on procrastination.

Student, A. (2019) The impact of self-affirmation on procrastination. Undergraduate theses, University of Chichester.

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Objective: The research question proposed in the current study investigates if self-affirmation can attenuate the effects of perfectionism, self-efficacy and anxiety on procrastination. The aim of the study was to reduce procrastination for participants with varying levels of perfectionism, self-efficacy and anxiety through a well-established self-affirmation manipulation. The research also explores if self-affirmation manipulation increased message acceptance. Design and Methods: This study used a between subject’s design (self-affirmation vs control) whereby each participant was randomly assigned to one of the two possible conditions. Eighty-six participants completed three online questionnaires which gathered their demographic information, baseline procrastination, perfectionism, self-efficacy and anxiety levels. Furthermore, they participated in either a self-affirmation or control manipulation. Results: Six regressions were run, with one finding a significant main effect that self-affirmation moderated the relationship between perfectionism and message acceptance, such that individuals high in perfectionism in the self-affirmation condition significantly increased their message acceptance in comparison to the control group. Furthermore, it was discovered that participants’ scores for spontaneous affirmation were significantly and negatively associated with procrastination such that procrastination was reduced among those reporting higher levels of spontaneous affirmation. Conclusion: The current study has shown that self-affirmation did not have the capacity to positively influence procrastinatory behaviour. However, it has shown that self-affirmation can lead to greater message acceptance, and spontaneous affirmation can lead to reduced procrastination. Future implications and recommendations are discussed.

Publication Type: Theses (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Procrastination, self-affirmation, perfectionism, self-efficacy, anxiety
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Academic Areas > Institute of Education, Social and Life Sciences > Psychology
Student Research > Undergraduate
Depositing User: Wendy Ellison
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2019 10:41
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2019 10:41

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