Spatial anticipatory attentional bias for threat: Reliable individual differences with RT-based online measurement

Gladwin, Thomas Edward and Vink, Matthijs (2020) Spatial anticipatory attentional bias for threat: Reliable individual differences with RT-based online measurement. Consciousness and Cognition, 81. p. 102930. ISSN 1090-2376

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Abstract

Cues that predict the future location of emotional stimuli may evoke an anticipatory form of automatic attentional bias. The reliability of this bias towards threat is uncertain: experimental design may need to be optimized or individual differences may simply be relatively noisy in the general population. The current study therefore aimed to determine the split-half reliability of the bias, in a design with fewer factors and more trials than in previous work. A sample of 63 participants was used for analysis, who performed the cued Visual Probe Task online, which aims to measure an anticipatory attentional bias. The overall bias towards threat was tested and split-half reliability was calculated over even and odd blocks. Results showed a significant bias towards threat and a reliability of around 0.7. The results support systematic individual differences in anticipatory attentional bias and demonstrate that RT-based bias scores, with online data collection, can be reliable. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.]

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From PubMed via Jisc Publications Router ** History: received 03-01-2020; revised 22-03-2020; accepted 04-04-2020.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Attentional bias, Cued Visual Probe Task, Dot-probe, Reliability, Threat
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Departments > Psychology and Counselling
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router Jisc
Depositing User: Publications Router Jisc
Date Deposited: 04 May 2020 11:59
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 11:59
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/5144

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