Examining the theory of challenge and threat states in athletes: do predictions extend to academic performance?

Smith, Matthew J., Runswick, Oliver R., Jewiss, Matt and Birch, Phil D. J. (2022) Examining the theory of challenge and threat states in athletes: do predictions extend to academic performance? Educational Psychology. pp. 1-18. ISSN 1469-5820

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Abstract

Challenge and threat responses have been seen to predict success in meaningful performance environments, however, it is not as clear whether challenge and threat states predict academic outcomes. We tested if predictions from the Theory of Challenge and Threat in Athletes (TCTSA) can be extended to an academic context, by considering antecedents and outcomes of challenge and threat states as well as whether cardiovascular markers predicted academic performance. Thirty-six undergraduate students were asked to give speeches on an academic topic, and their cardiovascular responses, overall annual marks, and marks in a specific presentation assessment were recorded. Challenge and threat indexes failed to predict either of the performance measures. Limited support was found for other hypothesised relationships of the TCTSA, with challenge states predicting greater reinvestment, which was opposite to that hypothesised. Results suggest that predictions of the TCTSA may not be as pertinent in understanding goal pursuit in academic settings.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way. Matt Smith, Oliver R. Runswick, Matt Jewiss & Phil Birch (2022): Examining the theory of challenge and threat states in athletes: do predictions extend to academic performance? Educational Psychology, DOI: 10.1080/01443410.2022.2069229
Uncontrolled Keywords: Developmental and Educational Psychology, Education, Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1050 Educational psychology
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: Academic Areas > Institute of Sport > Area > Sport Social Sciences
Related URLs:
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router Jisc
Depositing User: Publications Router Jisc
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2022 13:06
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2022 08:29
URI: https://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/6276

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