Context Affects Quiet Eye Duration and Motor Performance Independent of Cognitive Effort

Runswick, O. R., Jewiss, M., Sharpe, B. T. and North, J. S. (2021) Context Affects Quiet Eye Duration and Motor Performance Independent of Cognitive Effort. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 43 (2). pp. 191-197. ISSN 0895-2779

[thumbnail of Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2021, 43 (2): pp191-197, https://doi.org10.1123/jsep.2020-0026/  © Human Kinetics, Inc.] Text (Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2021, 43 (2): pp191-197, https://doi.org10.1123/jsep.2020-0026/ © Human Kinetics, Inc.)
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Abstract

Extensive literature has shown the effect of “quiet eye” (QE) on motor performance. However, little attention has been paid to the context in which tasks are executed (independent of anxiety) and the mechanisms that underpin the phenomenon. Here, the authors aimed to investigate the effects of context (independent of anxiety) on QE and performance while examining if the mechanisms underpinning QE are rooted in cognitive effort. In this study, 21 novice participants completed golf putts while pupil dilation, QE duration, and putting accuracy were measured. Results showed that putting to win was more accurate compared with the control (no context) condition, and QE duration was longer when putting to win or tie a hole compared with control. There was no effect of context on pupil dilation. Results suggest that, while the task was challenging, performance scenarios can enhance representativeness of practice without adding additional load to cognitive resources, even for novice performers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: perceptual-cognitive skill; expertise; gaze behaviour, motor control
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Academic Areas > Institute of Sport > Area > Sport and Exercise Psychology and Research Methods
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Ben Sharpe
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2021 10:40
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2022 11:21
URI: https://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/5818

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