Does match location and status affect the success rate of penalty kicks in the English Premier League?

Mahoney, T. (2018) Does match location and status affect the success rate of penalty kicks in the English Premier League? Undergraduate theses, University of Chichester.

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The aim of this study was to explore the effects that match location and match status have on the success rate of a penalty kick in the English Premier League. A total of 931 penalties were analysed from the English Premier League season commencing 2007/08 to the finale of the 2016/17. There were no significant associations between match location and penalty kick outcomes (χ2 (1) = 3.66, p = 0.06). There was also no significant association between match status and penalty kick outcomes (χ2 (1) = 1.87, p = 0.39). Two match status performance indicators were also analysed. Player position was found to have no significant association with penalty kick outcome (χ2 (1) = 6.6, p = 0.46) and neither was deficit of score (χ2 (1) = 12.1, p = 0.28). A total of 62.8% (461) penalties were scored at home, however 55.3% (109) of missed penalties were also at the home location, signifying that there was no home advantage. There was only a slight non-significant association between location and outcomes. Having the highest conversion rate at home would indicate that there would have been a home advantage. A non-significant association was found because it also had the highest miss rate compared to away penalties. Losing had highest conversion rate of penalties, for match status, with 231 (81.3%) scored out of 284. Drawing had the highest amount of goals scored with 301 (41%) however, also had the highest number of misses with 90 out of 197 (45.7%). Penalties whilst winning had the lowest total frequency with 256 (27.5%) attempted out of the 931 total but did have the second highest miss rate of 54 (27.4%). The position of the player and deficit in score were also tested as it was pointed out in literature that these are key performance indicators for match status. Midfielders scored the highest amount of goals with 357 (48.6%) whilst attackers missed the highest amount with 104 (52.8%). Drawing was the most common deficit of score and had the highest scoring rate with 300 (40.9%), but also had the highest miss rate of 90 (45.7%). The findings emphasis the need for players and coaches to take these factors into account before deciding who, where and when the highest chance of scoring would be. Further detailed analysis is required in the investigation of optimum chance of scoring a penalty kick and suggestions have been made for future research.

Publication Type: Theses (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: BA (Hons) Physical Education and Sport Coaching
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV201 Physical education and training
L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Academic Areas > Institute of Sport > Area > Physical Education
Student Research > Undergraduate
Depositing User: Ann Jones
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2019 15:33
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2019 15:33

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