Nutrition and Physical Activity in British Army Officer Cadet Training Part 2 - Daily Distribution of Energy and Macronutrient Intake

Edwards, Victoria, Myers, Stephen D., Wardle, Sophie L., Siddall, Andrew G., Powell, Steven D., Needham-Beck, Sarah, Jackson, Sarah, Greeves, Julie P. and Blacker, Sam D. (2022) Nutrition and Physical Activity in British Army Officer Cadet Training Part 2 - Daily Distribution of Energy and Macronutrient Intake. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 32 (3). pp. 204-213. ISSN 1526-484X

[img] Text (Accepted author manuscript version reprinted by permission from International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2021-0191. © Human Kinetics, Inc)
Edwards et al 2022 Nutrition and Physical Activity in British Army Officer Cadet Training Part 2.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.

Download (1MB)

Abstract

Dietary intake and physical activity impact performance and adaptation during training. The aims of this study were to compare energy and macronutrient intake during British Army Officer Cadet training with dietary guidelines and describe daily distribution of energy and macronutrient intake and estimated energy expenditure (EE). Thirteen participants (seven women) were monitored during three discrete periods of military training for nine days on-camp (CAMP), five days’ field exercise (FEX) and nine days of a mixture of the two (MIX). Dietary intake was measured using researcher-led food weighing and food diaries and EE was estimated from wrist-worn accelerometers. Energy intake was below guidelines for men (4600kcal·d-1) and women (3500kcal·d-1) during CAMP (men: -16%; women -9%), FEX (men: -33%; women: -42%) and MIX (men and women both -34%). Carbohydrate intake of men and women were below guidelines (6g·kg·d-1) during CAMP (men: -10%; women: -9%), FEX (men: -18%; women: -37%), and MIX (men: -3%; women: -39%), respectively. Protein intake was above guidelines (1.2kcal·kg·d-1) for men and women during CAMP (men: 48%; women: 39%) and MIX (men: 9%; women: 3%), but below guidelines during FEX (men: -13%; women: -27%). Energy and macronutrient intake during CAMP centred around mealtimes with a discernible sleep/wake cycle for EE. During FEX, energy and macronutrient intake were individually variable and EE was high throughout the day and night. These findings could be used to inform evidenced-based interventions to change the amount and timing of energy and macronutrient intake around physical activity to optimise performance and adaptations during military training.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nutrient timing; military; Energy balance Nutrition and Dietetics, Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, General Medicine,
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QP Physiology
U Military Science > U Military Science (General)
Divisions: Research Centres > Occupational Performance Research Group
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Sam Blacker
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2022 14:59
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2022 09:54
URI: https://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/6320

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item