Evaluation of Milk Consumption after Resistance Training on the Glycemic Control and Irisin Levels of Type II Diabetic Men: A Quasi-experimental Study

Omam, M., Willems, Mark E. T. and Ebrahimi, M. (2021) Evaluation of Milk Consumption after Resistance Training on the Glycemic Control and Irisin Levels of Type II Diabetic Men: A Quasi-experimental Study. Journal of Nutrition Fasting and Health, 9 (2). pp. 146-151. ISSN 2345-2587

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Abstract

Introduction: The consumption of high-protein foods after resistance training increases training
achievement, which may benefit diabetic patients. The present study aimed to investigate the effects
of milk consumption after resistance training on the glycemic control and irisin levels of type II
diabetic (T2D) men.

Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 36 male patients with T2D, mean age of
53.6±4.8 years and mean body mass index of 27.1±3.6 kg/m2. The patients were randomly divided
into three groups of control, resistance training (RT), and resistance training and milk consumption
(RTM). Eight weeks of RT was performed in three sets of 12 maximum repetitions three days per
week. The RTM group consumed 500 milliliters of low-fat milk after the exercise. Fasting blood
glucose, insulin, HbA1c, irisin, weight, waist-to-hip ratio, muscle strength, and limb circumference
were measured before and after the intervention. Data analysis was performed using repeated
measures analysis of variance (ANOVA).

Results: Compared to the RT group, the leg strength (mean±95% CI: -49.80±31.53; P<0.001), arm
circumference (mean±95% CI: -3.41±1.97; P<0.001), and thigh circumference (mean±95% CI: -
5.16±2.98; P<0.001) improved significantly in the RTM group. However, no significant interaction
effects were observed for the other variables between the RT and RTM groups.

Conclusion: Despite more improvement in the muscle strength and circumference, the beneficial
effects of RT were not augmented by additional post-exercise milk consumption in the male patients
with T2D.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Milk, Resistance training, Irisin, Insulin resistance, Type 2 diabetes, Fasting blood glucose
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Departments > Sport and Exercise Sciences
Depositing User: Mark Willems
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2021 10:13
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2021 10:13
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/5968

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