Reactive oxygen species in biological media are they friend or foe? Major In vivo and In vitro sensing challenges

Cardoso, M. A., Gonçalves, H. M. R. and Davis, F. (2023) Reactive oxygen species in biological media are they friend or foe? Major In vivo and In vitro sensing challenges. Talanta, 260. pp. 1-18. ISSN 1873-3573

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The role of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) on biological media has been shifting over the years, as the knowledge on the complex mechanism that lies in underneath their production and overall results has been growing. It has been known for some time that these species are associated with a number of health conditions. However, they also participate in the immunoactivation cascade process, and can have an active role in theranostics. Macrophages, for example, react to the presence of pathogens through ROS production, potentially allowing the development of new therapeutic strategies. However, their short lifetime and limited spatial distribution of ROS have been limiting factors to the development and understanding of this phenomenon. Even though, ROS have shown successful theranostic applications, e.g., photodynamic therapy, their wide applicability has been hampered by the lack of effective tools for monitoring these processes in real time. Thus the development of innovative sensing strategies for in vivo monitoring of the balance between ROS concentration and the resultant immune response is of the utmost relevance. Such knowledge could lead to major breakthroughs towards the development of more effective treatments for neurodegenerative diseases. Within this review we will present the current understanding on the interaction mechanisms of ROS with biological systems and their overall effect. Additionally, the most promising sensing tools developed so far, for both in vivo and in vitro tracking will be presented along with their main limitations and advantages. This review focuses on the four main ROS that have been studied these are: singlet oxygen species, hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radical and superoxide anion. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2023. Published by Elsevier B.V.]

Publication Type: Articles
Uncontrolled Keywords: Theranostics properties, Reactive oxygen species, Immunoactivation, Sensing difficulties
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
Divisions: Academic Areas > Department of Engineering, Computing and Design
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router Jisc
Depositing User: Publications Router Jisc
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2023 10:30
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2023 10:30

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