Within-subject consistency of unimodal and bimodal force application during the countermovement jump

Lake, J. P. and McMahon, J. (2018) Within-subject consistency of unimodal and bimodal force application during the countermovement jump. Sports (Basel, Switzerland), 6(4) (143). ISSN 2075-4663

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Countermovement jump (CMJ) force data are often time-normalized so researchers and practitioners can study the effect that sex, training status, and training intervention have on CMJ strategy, the so-called force-time curve shape. Data are often collected on an individual basis and then averaged across groups of interest. However, little is known about the within-subject agreement of the CMJ force-time curve shape, and this formed the aim of this study. Fifteen men performed 10 CMJs on in-ground force plates, force-time curves were plotted, and their shape categorized as exhibiting either a single peak (unimodal) or a double peak (bimodal). Percentage agreement and the kappa coefficient were used to assess within-subject agreement. Over two and three trials 13% demonstrated a unimodal shape, 67% exhibited a bimodal shape, and 20% were inconsistent. When five trials were considered the unimodal shape was not demonstrated consistently, 67% demonstrated a bimodal shape, and 33% were inconsistent. Over 10 trials none demonstrated the unimodal shape, 60% demonstrated the bimodal shape, and 40% were inconsistent. The results of this study suggest that researchers and practitioners should ensure within-subject consistency before group averaging CMJ force-time data to help avoid errors that not doing so may cause.

Publication Type: Articles
Uncontrolled Keywords: force platform, jump monitoring, jump strategy, temporal phase analysis
Subjects: Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: Academic Areas > Institute of Sport > Area > Sports Biomechanics and Sports Therapy
Depositing User: Jason Lake
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2018 13:15
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2022 11:21
URI: https://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/3962

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