Aging, functional capacity and eccentric exercise training

Gault, M. L. and Willems, M. E. T. (2013) Aging, functional capacity and eccentric exercise training. Aging and Disease, 4 (6). pp. 1-13. ISSN 2152-5250

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Aging is a multi-factorial process that ultimately induces a decline in our physiological functioning, causing a decreased health-span, quality of life and independence for older adults. Exercise
participation is seen as a way to reduce the impact of aging through maintenance of physiological parameters.
Eccentric exercise is a model that can be employed with older adults, due to the muscle’s ability to combine
high muscle force production with a low energy cost. There may however be a risk of muscle damage before
the muscle is able to adapt. The first part of this review describes the process of aging and how it reduces
aerobic capacity, muscle strength and therefore functional mobility. The second part highlights eccentric
exercise and the associated muscle damage, in addition to the repeated bout effect. The final section reviews
eccentric exercise interventions that have been completed by older adults with a focus on the changes in
functional mobility. In conclusion, eccentric endurance exercise is a potential training modality that can be
applied to older adults for improving muscle strength, aerobic capacity and functional ability. However,
further research is needed to assess the effects on aerobic capacity and the ideal prescription for eccentric
endurance exercise

Publication Type: Articles
Additional Information: Review article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Eccentric exercise, functional ability, muscle strength, aerobic capacity, muscle damage
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: Research Entities > CCASES
Academic Areas > Institute of Sport > Area > Exercise Physiology
Depositing User: Mark Willems
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2015 11:07
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2017 09:29

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