Effect of New Zealand Sujon blackcurrant on cardiovascular responses during cycling in triathletes

Willems, M. E. T., Myers, S. D., Cook, M. D. and Gault, M. L. (2014) Effect of New Zealand Sujon blackcurrant on cardiovascular responses during cycling in triathletes. In: Annual International Society of Sports Nutrition Conference and Expo, 20-21 June 2014, Clearwater Beach, FL, USA. (Submitted)

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Anthocyanin is a component known to induce vasorelaxation and vasodilation in rat aortic rings (Ziberna et al., 2013) and is present in high amounts in New Zealand Sujon blackcurrant. During typing work in humans, an activity of low intensity, peripheral blood flow was increased by blackcurrant intake (Matsumoto et al., 2005). It is not known whether anthocyanin would affect the cardiovascular responses at different exercise intensities. We examined the effect of 1-week Sujon blackcurrant powder supplementation on cardiovascular responses at low, moderate and high intensities of trained triathletes.

Ten healthy triathletes with >3 years experience (5 men and 5 women; mean±SD: age: 40±5 years, height: 173±6 cm, body mass: 69±9 kg, BMI: 23±2, BF%: 19±4%, VO2max: 49±7 mL∙kg-1∙min-1, maximum power: 293±68 W) volunteered. Participants were tested following 7 days of Sujon blackcurrant powder (S, 6g/day) or placebo (P) intake, administered following a double-blind, crossover, randomized design with a wash-out period of 4 weeks. Cardiovascular function (Portapres® Model 2, Finapres Medical Systems BV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands) was recorded during an incremental cycling protocol (4 min stages with 2 min recovery, start power 50 W with 30 W increments). Stages representing low (i.e. 40% VO2max), moderate (i.e. 60%) and high (i.e. 80%) intensity were analysed for responses averaged for the last minute. Paired two-tailed t-tests were used for analysis with significance accepted at p<.05.

At each intensity, there were no differences in systolic BP (40% - P: 183±29, S: 195±31, p=.13; 60% - P: 196±35, S: 195±31, p=.40; 80% - P: 215±33, S: 220±33 mmHg, p=.50), diastolic BP (40% - P: 82±14, S: 88±17, p=.09; 60% - P: 87±14, S: 88±17, p=.39; 80% - P: 97±14, S: 101±19 mmHg, p=.36), heart rate (40% - P: 100±9, S: 101±10, p=.62; 60% - P: 126±12, S: 125±11, p=.85; 80% - P: 152±13, S: 154±11 beats∙min-1, p=.56), stroke volume (40% - P: 100±17, S: 96±24, p=.47; 60% - P: 94±20, S: 88±26, p=.53; 80% - P: 88±18, S: 88±28 mL, p=.98), cardiac output (40% - P: 10.0±1.8, S: 9.8±2.4, p=.78; 60% - P: 11.8±2.8, S: 11.6±3.1, p=.90; 80% - P: 13.3±2.6, S: 13.4±4.1 L∙min-1, p=.93), and total peripheral resistance (40% - P: 11.6±4.3, S: 13.2±5.6, p=.28; 60% - P: 10.7±4.3, S: 11.7±6.3, p=.60; 80% - P: 10.2±3.3, S: 11.3±5.5 mmHg∙L-1∙min-1, p=.34).

Previous studies indicated that anthocyanin intake may have performance-enhancing effects resulting from high-intensity training (Braakhuis et al., 2014) and increases peripheral blood flow at very low intensity (Matsumoto et al., 2005). The cardiovascular responses at low, moderate and high intensity cycling in trained triathletes athletes were unaffected by one week intake of New Zealand Sujon blackcurrant powder. It is concluded that New Zealand Sujon blackcurrant does not have adverse cardiovascular effects during exercise in trained triathletes.

Funding for this study and conference attendance was provided by the University of Chichester, Health Currancy Ltd (UK) and Gibb Holdings (Nelson) Ltd (NZ).

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: Research Centres > CCASES
Academic Areas > Institute of Sport > Area > Exercise Physiology
Event Title: Annual International Society of Sports Nutrition Conference and Expo
Event Location: Clearwater Beach, FL, USA
Event Dates: 20-21 June 2014
Depositing User: Mark Willems
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2014 11:15
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2019 14:16
URI: https://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/1215

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