Does a fundamental movement skills based intervention lead to an increase in motivation towards physical activity?

Crook, Lucy (2016) Does a fundamental movement skills based intervention lead to an increase in motivation towards physical activity? Undergraduate thesis, University of Chichester.

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Childhood participation in physical activity (PA) has been associated with a reduction in childhood obesity as well as other physical and mental illnesses. In recent years children aged 5-15 have not been participating in the recommended amount of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), increasing ill-health in children. Recent reviews and studies found positive associations between PA and fundamental movement skills (FMS) competency, and have discovered self-determined motivation to be particularly prominent in children wanting to participate in PA. The study aimed to discover if a FMS-intervention could increase FMS competency and to discover the effect on motivation.
Year 5 and 6 students from a private school in West Sussex were used as a sample of the 9 to 11 year old population in the UK (n=34). An abbreviated TGMD-2 was used to measure participants FMS at pre-intervention and post-intervention testing and BREQ-2 was used to measure participants motivation at pre-intervention, post-intervention and at follow-up testing. Once pre-intervention testing had been completed, participants were allocated to either the control or intervention group according to their motivation. This was performed using a paired design, meaning the groups had a similar baseline mean motivation.
From pre to post intervention testing a significant change in FMS within the intervention group was found (Z=120, p=0.001). A significant difference between the control and intervention groups motivation at post-intervention was also found. As the groups had a similar mean motivation pre-intervention, the significant finding indicated the intervention group to have a more self-determined motivation post-intervention (t(32)=-2.565, p=0.015, p<0.05). Follow-up testing was performed on BREQ-2 data six-weeks post-intervention. This provided no significant evidence (t(16)=-0.769, p=0.453, p>0.05) of intervention participants becoming more self-determined from post-intervention to follow-up.
Significant findings from pre-intervention to post-intervention in an increase in FMS competency and more self-determined motivation indicate the FMS intervention to have had a positive effect. However these findings were not evident in follow-up testing. Follow-up findings indicate the increased self-determined motivation to participate in PA from pre to post intervention were not stainable long term.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: BA (Hons) Sport Development & Coaching
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV557 Sports > GV711 Coaching
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Departments > Sport Development and Management
Undergraduate Dissertations
Depositing User: Ann Jones
Date Deposited: 26 May 2017 15:08
Last Modified: 26 May 2017 15:08

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