Christian Terror in Europe? The Bible in Anders Behring Breivik’s Manifesto

Strømmen, Hannah (2017) Christian Terror in Europe? The Bible in Anders Behring Breivik’s Manifesto. The Journal of the Bible and its Reception, 4 (1). p. 147. ISSN 2329-4434

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In the attempts to understand the ideology underpinning the terror attack in Norway 22 July 2011, and the growth of far right extremism in Europe more generally, Christianity and the uses of the Bible are a largely neglected feature. In this article, I examine the way the Bible is used in Anders Behring Breivik’s manifesto, arguing that this provides an important example of the role of Christianity in far right discourse. I show that the Bible functions as a legitimating device, glossing violence as defence of a Christian Europe; as a motivational instrument, positing God as a fellow fighter; and, as an origin for Europe. The Bible is situated in a pre-modern state where its signifying powers are policed. At the same time, it is wrenched out of this solidified framework, cut up and pasted into the manifesto hypertext in order to serve as a contemporary ally to an anti-Muslim and anti-multicultural cause.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BR Christianity
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BS The Bible
Divisions: Departments > Theology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Hannah Strommen
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2017 09:34
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2019 15:47

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