Effects of exposure to daily quotation messages on self-discrepancy scores

Patel, Shivani (2016) Effects of exposure to daily quotation messages on self-discrepancy scores. Undergraduate thesis, University of Chichester.

[img] Text
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (765kB)


There is a broad range of literature based on Self-Discrepancy Theory (Higgins, 1987), which suggests we have three selves: the real self, the ideal self and the ought self. Self-discrepancy has shown to have detrimental impacts on an individuals’ psychological wellbeing. There are two dimensions of the self-discrepancy theory; actual-ideal and actual-ought. Shame is proposed to be associated with actual-ideal and guilt is associated with actual-ought. It is suggested, self-rumination is associated with shame and self –reflection with guilt, which both promote different outcomes on goals that can have an effect on psychological wellbeing. In order to promote psychological wellbeing, techniques such as Goal pursuit and Mindfulness have been looked as a method to reduce self –discrepancy. The current study aimed to investigate the exposure of quotations based on Mindfulness, and Goal Pursuit in terms of Motivation to see the effect on self-discrepancy, random quotations was used as a control. Participants were given the Regulatory Focus Strength Questionnaire (Higgins, Shah, & Friedman, 1997) initially, and then given 1 quote a day for 5 days dependent upon which condition they were in., they were then given the same questionnaire again. Results of a Mixed-ANOVA revealed significant findings between time and actual-ideal discrepancy, however no statistical significance on quote interaction and discrepancy, or between time and actual-ought discrepancy. Through observation of descriptive statistics, results are trending towards significance. The implications of this study could suggest that quotations can have an impact on self-discrepancy, but a larger sample of testing may confirm this. Future research may focus on cognitive processes of mindfulness and goal pursuit to see what promotes self –reflection and self-rumination and figure out how quotations may be worded to trigger a response of reduction in discrepancy.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Departments > Psychology and Counselling
Undergraduate Dissertations
Depositing User: Steve Bowman
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2016 10:44
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2016 10:44
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/1886

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item