Health, fitness, and responses to military training of Officer Cadets in a Gulf Cooperation Council Country

Blacker, Sam D., Horner, Fleur E., Brown, Peter I., Linnane, Denise M., Wilkinson, David M., Wright, Antony, Bluck, Les J. and Rayson, Mark P. (2011) Health, fitness, and responses to military training of Officer Cadets in a Gulf Cooperation Council Country. Military Medicine, 176 (12). pp. 1376-1381. ISSN 0026-4075

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Abstract

Objective: To quantify the health, fitness, and physiological responses to military training of Officer Cadets from a Gulf Cooperation Council country. Methods: One hundred and nineteen Officer Cadets volunteered; body composition, core body temperature, aerobic fitness, hydration status (urine osmolality), cardiovascular strain, physical activity (3-dimensional accelerometry), and energy expenditure (doubly labelled water) were measured over 5-days of Basic Training (BT), Army Training (AT), Navy Training (NT), and Air Force Training (AFT). Results: There were no differences between courses for body mass index (mean all courses: 24.1 ± 4.1 kg.m−2) or peak core body temperature (mean all courses: 38.1 ± 0.4 °C) (p > 0.05). AT body fat (19.8 ± 3.6%) and BT VO2 max (36.8 ± 11.6 mL.kg−1.min−1) were lower than the other courses (BT, 26.1 ± 8.1; NT, 26.0 ± 6.0; AFT, 24.7 ± 6.1%) and (AT, 44.8 ± 9.6; NT, 45.0 ± 7.5; AFT, 44.6 ± 5.2 mL.kg−1.min−1), respectively (p < 0.05). NT urine osmolality (979 ± 90 mOsmol.kg−1) was similar to BT (946 ± 181 mOsmol.kg−1p > 0.05) but lower in AT (868 ± 144 mOsmol.kg−1, p < 0.05) and AFT (883 ± 121 mOsmol.kg−1, p < 0.05). Cardiovascular strain during NT (22 ± 5 %HRR) was lower than other courses (range, 25 ± 4–29 ± 3% Heart Rate Reserve) (p < 0.05). Physical activity level during AFT (1.70 ± 0.18 AU) was lower than other courses (range, 1.86 ± 0.21–1.92 ± 0.18 AU) (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Positive developments were apparent from BT leading into other courses. Potential exists to increase physical training volume on all courses, which may improve participants’ aerobic fitness, body composition, and health.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cardiovascular strain
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
U Military Science > U Military Science (General)
Divisions: Departments > Sport and Exercise Sciences
Depositing User: Debbie Bogard
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2013 09:30
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2019 12:38
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/919

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