Differences in cardiovascular disease risk between male and female university students

Harris, Katherine (2018) Differences in cardiovascular disease risk between male and female university students. Undergraduate thesis, University of Chichester.

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Abstract

Physical health measurements and their determinants contribute to the immediate and future risk of a coronary event in university students. Examining and comparing severity and prevalence of risk factors in male and female students will allow specific interventions to be made. 21 undergraduate and postgraduate university students (8 females; age 20±1 years, and 13 males; age 21±2 years) had body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), moderate physical activity (MPA) and vigorous physical activity (VPA) measured using objective measurements. Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) was predicted using a 20m shuttle run. No significant differences were found between gender in BMI (p=0.104), DBP (p=0.290), MPA (p=0.336) or VPA (p=0.210). Males were found to have significantly higher mean WC (p=0.006), SBP (p= -2.176), and VO2 max (p=0.210). Males overall had a higher % prevalence of risk factors above recommended thresholds. 54.5% of total sample had at least one risk factor prevalent. Potential implications include the need for targeted interventions surrounding health parameters and their determinants, particularly in male students.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: BSc (Hons) Sport and Exercise Science
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV557 Sports
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Departments > Sport and Exercise Sciences
Undergraduate Dissertations
Depositing User: Ann Jones
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2019 16:44
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2019 16:44
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/4540

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