Mediation of Cognitive Bias Modification for Alcohol Addiction via Stimulus-Specific Alcohol Avoidance Association

Gladwin, Thomas Edward, Rinck, Mike, Eberl, Carolin, Becker, Eni S, Lindenmeyer, Johannes and Wiers, Reinout W (2015) Mediation of Cognitive Bias Modification for Alcohol Addiction via Stimulus-Specific Alcohol Avoidance Association. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 39 (1). pp. 101-107. ISSN 0145-6008

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Abstract

Background: Cognitive bias modification (CBM) studies have provided evidence that cognitive biases play a causal role in alcohol use disorders. In this study, data from a CBM experiment in alcoholic patients were re-analyzed. In the original study, no mediation by associations measured with an Implicit Association Test (IAT) was found. In this study, we explored the possibility that relevant alcohol-related automatic processes may be cue-specific.
Background: Cognitive bias modification (CBM) studies have provided evidence that cognitive biases play a causal role in alcohol use disorders. In this study, data from a CBM experiment in alco-holic patients were re-analyzed. In the original study, no mediation by associations measured with an Implicit Association Test (IAT) was found. In this study, we explored the possibility that relevant alcohol-related automatic processes may be cue-specific.
Results: Training reversed the alcohol–approach bias for all categories. This reversal of bias also predicted reduced relapse, but involved a complex stimulus category-dependent pattern in which an avoidance bias for Alcohol stimuli was most predictive of reduced relapse.
Conclusions: The results contribute to evidence that CBM indeed affects relapse probability via changes in automatic processes, although future study is needed to determine the precise nature of mediating processes. Automatic processes underlying alcohol-related associations may be stimulus-specific, which may be important for the methods of future studies involving implicit measures.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This study concerns an extended analysis of previously published data (Wiers et al., 2011)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cognitive Bias Modification, Alcoholism, Mediation, Implicit Association Test
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Research Centres > POWER Centre
Departments > Psychology and Counselling
Depositing User: Thomas Gladwin
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2019 16:32
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2019 16:32
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/4336

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