The relationship between differential stimulus relatedness and implicit measure effect sizes

Cummins, Jamie, Roche, Bryan, Tyndall, Ian and Cartwright, Aoife (2018) The relationship between differential stimulus relatedness and implicit measure effect sizes. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behaviour, 110 (1). pp. 24-38. ISSN 1938-3711

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Abstract

Implicit measures have been hypothesized to allow researchers to ascertain the existence and strength of relations between stimuli, often in the context of research on attitudes. However, little ground-up and controlled behavioral research has focused on whether or not stimulus relations, and the degree of relatedness within such relations, are indexed by implicit measures. The current study examined this issue using a behavior-analytic implicit-style stimu-lus relation indexing procedure known as the Function Acquisition Speed Test (FAST). Us-ing a matching-to-sample (MTS) procedure to train stimulus equivalence relations between nonsense syllables, the number of iterations of the procedure was varied across groups of sub-jects, hence controlling stimulus relatedness in the resulting equivalence relations. Following each subject’s final exposure to the MTS procedure, they completed a FAST. An additional group of subjects was exposed to a FAST procedure with word pairs of known relatedness. Results showed that increasing relatedness resulted in a linear increase in FAST effect size. These results provide the first direct empirical support for a key process-level assumption of the implicit literature, and offer a behavior-analytic paradigm within which to understand these effects. These results also suggest that the FAST may be a viable procedure for the quantification of emergent stimulus relations in stimulus equivalence training.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Impressions of action and critical action learning, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/jeab.437. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Function Acquisition Speed Test, Implicit Association Test, derived relational responding, implicit measures, matching-to-sample, stimulus equivalence.Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Behavioral Neuroscienc.
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Departments > Psychology and Counselling
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Ian Tyndall
Date Deposited: 30 May 2018 14:44
Last Modified: 17 May 2019 00:10
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/3444

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