The effect of kinesiology tape on ankle stability and muscle activation of the peroneals during a double leg to single leg stance and a Y-Balance stability test

Hooker, Alex (2017) The effect of kinesiology tape on ankle stability and muscle activation of the peroneals during a double leg to single leg stance and a Y-Balance stability test. Undergraduate thesis, University of Chichester.

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Abstract

CONTEXT: Kinesiology tape (k-tape) is widely utilised in the sporting industry due to its proposed numerous benefits ranging from muscle facilitation to increasing blood circulation. However, research into k-tape’s benefits is inconclusive in nature, with studies finding minimal to no effects and potentially highlighting a more psychological role in providing a ‘confidence effect’. AIM: The aim of this study was to discover whether the application of kinesio tape (k-tape) would improve muscle activation of the peroneus longus (PL) muscle and ankle stability during a double to single leg stance and a Y-Balance test (YBT). METHOD: 20 participants took part in a repeated measures design involving 4 separate conditions. The 4 conditions were; 1) without tape condition, 2) immediate effects of k-tape condition, 3) 24 hours effect of k-tape condition and 4) 48 hours effect of k-tape condition. In each condition the participants performed a double leg to single leg stance holding for 5 seconds, with a biometric electrode being applied to the PL muscle belly, and a YBT. K-tape was applied once the participants had completed their without tape condition. Two strips of k-tape were used, the first being applied from origin to insertion of the PL muscle, and the second strip supported the transverse arch of the foot. The tape was kept on for two consecutive days. RESULTS: Tape application significantly reduced PL muscle activity, with the significant differences being between the without tape condition and 48 hours effects of kinesio tape condition (p=0.001). Despite this, Y-Balance composite scores and Y-Balance anterior and posteromedial directional composit scores significantly increased with tape application, with the differences again being found between the without tape and 48 hours effect of tape condition (p=0.001, p=0.008, p=0.005). 50% of participants perceived that the tape improved their overall stability. CONCLUSION: As the tape decreased muscle activity but improved dynamic balance, it can be argued that k-tape plays a greater role in proprioception by providing increased neural feedback allowing the individual to be more aware of the movements taking place.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: BSc (Hons) Sports Therapy
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV557 Sports
Q Science > Q Science (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Departments > Sport and Exercise Sciences
Undergraduate Dissertations
Depositing User: Ann Jones
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2017 17:38
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2017 17:38
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/3133

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