A four-week sprint specific training intervention with ankle weights on 100m sprint performance and associated kinematic variables

Pack, Abigail (2017) A four-week sprint specific training intervention with ankle weights on 100m sprint performance and associated kinematic variables. Undergraduate thesis, University of Chichester.

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Abstract

ntroduction: Research has elicited a variety of different training methods to enhance sprint performance. Specifically, sprint specific resistance training has become a popular means and a range of literature has explored different modes and program variables e.g. volume and intensity to improve maximal and overall sprint performance. However, previous literature has failed to examine the influence of a period of sprint specific training with ankle weights on overall sprint performance. Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to determine whether an ankle weighted sprint training program would affect running kinematics and associated performance indicators as a means of improving overall sprint performance. Method: Sixteen male subjects were randomly assigned to one of two training groups; ankle weighted (n= 9) and control (n= 7). Subjects were tested for their stride length, stride time, swing time, top speed (performance at 60m) and 100m sprint performance before and after a 4-week training period. Results: Significant differences were elicited for both conditions between pre to post training for stride length; ankle weight (t(8)= -5.049, p=0.001) and control group (t(6)= -3.535, p=0.012) and top speed; ankle weight (t(8)= -6.297, p=0.000) and control group (t(6)= -2.927, p= 0.026). No significant differences were found for, stride and swing time or 100m sprint performance. However, positive trends were apparent within the data (table 2). Conclusion: A 4-week period of training with ankle weights was shown to be superior with regards to an increase in stride length and top speed performance and can therefore be considered an appropriate form of training to develop these attributes. Although, it cannot be concluded that a period of sprint training with ankle weights improves stride time, swing time and 100m sprint performance, positive trends were evident within the results that suggest as a form of resistive specific sprint training to improve overall sprint performance; thus, supporting literature within the field. However, further research is required to establish whether these are because of the ankle weighted intervention or any other extraneous variables. Coaches and sports personnel could benefit from the current findings in regards to selectively prescribing although this could be further enhanced by considering specific strength qualities and other nonspecific physical training components of individuals. Therefore, future research should address the limitations of the present study to establish if there is an optimal individualistic balance between sprint specific ankle weight training and other iiitraining components to make training regimes more appropriate and individualised; thus, further enhancing sprint performance.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: BSc (Hons)Sport and Exercise Science
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV557 Sports
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Departments > Sport and Exercise Sciences
Undergraduate Dissertations
Depositing User: Ann Jones
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2017 17:18
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2017 17:18
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/3132

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