Eating habits: understanding the demands on adult, male, recreational runners

Annals, Harry (2017) Eating habits: understanding the demands on adult, male, recreational runners. Undergraduate thesis, University of Chichester.

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Abstract

The prevalence of eating disorders (ED) in elite and female athletes is well-documented; however, there is a growing acceptance that male athletes are also at risk of developing an ED. A combination of general and sport-specific risk factors may underpin disordered eating (D-EAT) behaviours and subsequently lead to the development of an ED. Identification of these risk factors at an early stage, may improvement treatment outcomes and prevent relapse. The aim of this study was to examine the association between age, body mass index (BMI), perfectionism, total physical activity (PA), and risk for disordered eating (D-EAT), using a newly developed, sport-specific eating questionnaire. Participants were 194 adult, male, recreational runners aged 18-64 (M = 35.87 and S.D. = 12.21). Participants were considered as healthy (BMI; M = 23.60, S.D. = 2.39) with no-known ED. Multiple regression analyses found a model including age, self-oriented perfectionism (SOP), other-oriented perfectionism (OOP), socially-prescribed perfectionism (SPP), enjoyment and body tone motivations was significant and predicted 46.2% of the variance in sport-specific D-EAT scores. A high level of physical activity (PA) was observed, but this did not contribute to D-EAT risk. These findings offer health practitioners and sport coaches an insight into risk factors for D-EAT. As a result, prevention programs should be developed to minimise the negative consequences of age and perfectionism (SOP, OOP, SPP) in male recreational runners. Further validation of the male Disordered Eating in Sport (DES) scale is needed to assess its reliability to predict D-EAT in lean sports.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: BSc (Hons) Sport and Exercise Science
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Departments > Sport and Exercise Sciences
Undergraduate Dissertations
Depositing User: Ann Jones
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2017 14:37
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2017 14:37
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/3077

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