CCTV observation: The effects of event type and instructions on fixation behaviour in an applied change blindness task

Graham, Gemma, Sauer, James, Akehurst, Lucy, Smith, Jenny and Hillstrom, Anne (2018) CCTV observation: The effects of event type and instructions on fixation behaviour in an applied change blindness task. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 32 (1). pp. 4-13. ISSN 1099-0720

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Abstract

Little is known about how observers’ scanning strategies affect performance when monitoring events in CCTV footage. We examined the fixation behaviour of change detectors and non-detectors monitoring dynamic scenes. 147 participants observed mock CCTV video featuring either a mock crime or no crime. Participants were instructed to look for a crime, something unusual, or simply to watch the video. In both videos, two of the people depicted switched locations. Eye movements (the number of fixations on the targets and the average length of each fixation on targets) were recorded prior to and during the critical change period. Change detection (24% overall) was unaffected by event type or task instruction. Fixation behaviour differed significantly between the criminal and non-criminal event conditions. There was no effect of instructions on fixation behaviour. Change detectors fixated for longer on the target directly before the change than did non-detectors. Although fixation behaviour before change predicted change detection, fixation count and durations during the critical change period did not. These results highlight the potential value of studying fixation behaviour for understanding change blindness during complex, cognitively demanding tasks (e.g., CCTV surveillance).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous), Developmental and Educational Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Departments > Sport and Exercise Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Jenny Smith
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2017 11:22
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2019 10:38
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/3031

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