Factual News or Muddled Views? How the Media can Affect Flashbulb Memories of the 2015 Paris Attacks

Walker, Emma (2017) Factual News or Muddled Views? How the Media can Affect Flashbulb Memories of the 2015 Paris Attacks. Undergraduate thesis, University of Chichester.

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Abstract

Previous research has highlighted how the media and its perceived credibility can affect the accuracy of event recall, but these effects remain unsearched for Flashbulb Memories (FBMs). The current study aimed to explore whether inaccurate social media news, when compared to newspapers, causes higher FBM and factual recall errors of the November 2015 Paris Attacks. A 2 (newspaper/website) x 2 (standard/false) mixed design was used, where report type/veracity was a between-subjects variable and FBM changes were a within-subjects variable. Results found no significant effects of condition on statement accuracy recall (t(36) = -.502, p > .05.). For FBM changes, temperature (F(1, 31) = 11.88, p < .05), ηp² = .28) and weather (F(1, 36) = 6.77, p < .05, ηp² = .16) reports changed significantly at time 2, with significant interaction effects finding the false newspaper to produce higher FBM distortion of the reported day than the false website (F(1, 36) = 4.73, p < .05, ηp² = .12). These results provide empirical evidence that false news can distort FBMs and impact event recall, which is discussed in relation to the frequent usage, but low credibility of social media throughout modern society.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: BSc (Hons) Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Flashbulb memory, media inaccuracy, news reports, social media, Paris Attacks
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Departments > Psychology and Counselling
Undergraduate Dissertations
Depositing User: Wendy Ellison
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2017 12:18
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2017 12:18
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/2907

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