The Effectiveness of Individual Treatments within CBT for Sleep Difficulties

Student, A. (2017) The Effectiveness of Individual Treatments within CBT for Sleep Difficulties. Undergraduate thesis, University of Chichester.

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Abstract

Sleep disorders can have a negative impact on both the mental and physical health of individuals. A new method of treatment is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Insomnia. However, research has shown inconsistencies on the delivery of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. The present study aims to compare the effectiveness of two treatments that are commonly used in Cognitive Behavioural Therapy on reducing sleep difficulties; this was Maladaptive Thought Correction and Relaxation Therapy. Along with building on the new area of research that is Online Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. The present study also aims to add to the research on the relationship between sleep quality and life satisfaction. The total number of participants was = 55, participants were separated into recommended sleep quality n = 15, and under-recommended was n = 40. The participants were then randomly allocated to either Maladaptive Thought Correction, Relaxation Therapy or Control Group. The results found that there was neither a significant main effect of sleep quality for the under-recommended sleep group, F (2, 37) = .11, MSE = 17.12, p > .10, ηp2 = .01. There was no significant interaction effect of the conditions, F (2, 37) = 2.06, MSE = 4.28, p > .10, ηp2 = .10. There was also no significant effect on Sleep Quality for the recommended sleep quality, F (1, 12) = .06, MSE = 3.48, p > .10, ηp2 =.01. There was no significant main effect of condition, F (2, 12) = .14, MSE = 2.53, p >.10, ηp2 =.02, and no significant interaction effect for the condition, F (2, 11) = .07, MSE = 3.48, p > .10, ηp2 =.01. There was a weak positive correlation between sleep difficulty and life satisfaction scores at time one (r = .37, p < .05) and time two (r = .38, p < .05). To conclude, the results contradicted previous research, and majority of the hypotheses were non-significant. This suggests that the CBT treatments used do not always significantly reduce sleep disruption. However, the present study did find that MTC was slightly more effective at reducing sleep disruption scores then RT. Contradictive of previous research, satisfaction with life was positively associated with sleep disruption. Future research may need to look at mediators that impacted these results.
By initiating this research, it will aid in the development of a more successful, efficient and accessible Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Insomnia intervention. This, as a consequence, can improve the mental and physical health of individuals suffering from symptoms of insomnia.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: BSc (Hons) Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, CBT, CBT-I, Sleep, Sleep Difficulties, Sleep Disturbance, Insomnia, Maladaptive Thought Correction, Relaxation Therapy, Satisfaction with Life
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Departments > Psychology and Counselling
Undergraduate Dissertations
Depositing User: Wendy Ellison
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2017 12:12
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2017 12:12
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/2904

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