The Utility of Different Measures in Adolescence to Assess Emotional Flow Patterns in Single and Mixed High and Low Arousal Emotion Experiences

Student, A. (2017) The Utility of Different Measures in Adolescence to Assess Emotional Flow Patterns in Single and Mixed High and Low Arousal Emotion Experiences. Undergraduate thesis, University of Chichester.

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Abstract

This research investigated the utility of different measures in adolescence to assess emotional flow patterns in single and mixed high and low arousal emotion experiences. Seventy adolescents (30 males, 40 females) aged between 12 years, 5 months-18 years, 8 months (M = 15 years, 11 months) participated in this research. Participants were allocated by age (younger, n=35, 12 years, 5 months-16 years, 9 months and older, n=35, 16 years, 9 months-18 years, 8 months) into two conditions. There were 34 participants in the first condition: happiness and sadness and 36 participants in the second condition: relaxed and tired. They read a vignette about a protagonist eliciting the condition emotions, then completing a 5-point Likert rating scale, questionnaire and the AES task. Chi-Square analysis showed significant results within the questionnaire measure, with older participants reporting more single emotions responses, younger participants identifying AES pattern unknown and only females identifying highly simultaneous patterns of mixed emotions. Chi- Square MeNemar found a significant difference between the questionnaire and AES responses in the highly simultaneous mixed emotion patterns. Findings revealed that the questionnaire produced more mixed emotion experience patterns. With some observable differences in the AES responses that were not significant, there is a suggestion in the suitable utility of the AES within the adolescent population. It is suggested that future research investigates adolescents own emotions not just the emotions of a protagonist as well as using an interview measure rather than a questionnaire measure.
Emotion understanding and experiencing has been extensively investigated in the last 40 years to understand if conflicting emotions can be experienced simultaneously or sequentially (Bender, Sømhovd, Pons, Reinholdt-Dunne & Esbjørn, 2015; Williams & Aaker, 2002). On a daily basis, people find themselves in situations that elicit two different emotions (Watson & Tellegen, 1985) with an example being happiness of seeing a sister who lives far away, but also sadness that it is not possible to see her often. With emotions often-lacking stability and changing from time to time (Diener & Larsen, 1984), it is essential to continue to understand mixed emotion experiences, with the aim to help individuals manage within society and live a fulfilled life.
Research investigating children’s understanding of emotions has found that emotion understanding is related to the quality of psychological well-being, social relationships with peers, adults, and children’s ability to resolve cognitive problems alone or in a group (Bender et al., 2015). Mixed emotion research has investigated the understanding in children and adults, but there is a gap in research regarding adolescents and their understanding of emotions in themselves and other people.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: BSc (Hons) Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Departments > Psychology and Counselling
Undergraduate Dissertations
Depositing User: Wendy Ellison
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2017 12:29
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2017 12:29
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/2898

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