Oral l‑menthol reduces thermal sensation, increases work‑rate and extends time to exhaustion, in the heat at a fixed rating of perceived exertion

Flood, Tessa R., Waldron, Mark and Jeffries, Owen (2017) Oral l‑menthol reduces thermal sensation, increases work‑rate and extends time to exhaustion, in the heat at a fixed rating of perceived exertion. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 117 (7). pp. 1501-1512. ISSN 1439-6319

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Abstract

Purpose
The study investigated the effect of a non-thermal cooling agent, L-Menthol, on exercise at a fixed subjective rating of perceived exertion (RPE) in a hot environment.

Method
Eight male participants completed two trials at an exercise intensity between ‘hard’ and ‘very hard’, equating to 16 on the RPE scale at ~ 35 oC. Participants were instructed to continually adjust their power output to maintain an RPE of 16 throughout the exercise trial, stopping once power output had fallen by 30 %. In a randomised crossover design, either L-Menthol or placebo mouthwash was administered prior to exercise and at 10 min intervals. Power output, V ̇O2, heart rate, core and skin temperature was monitored, alongside thermal sensation and thermal comfort. Isokinetic peak power sprints were conducted prior to and immediately after the fixed RPE trial.

Results
Exercise time was greater (23:23 ± 3:36 vs. 21:44 ± 2:32 min; P = 0.049) and average power output increased (173  24 vs. 167  24 W; P = 0.044) in the L-Menthol condition. Peak isokinetic sprint power declined from pre-post trial in the L-Menthol l (9.0 %; P = 0.015) but not in the placebo condition (3.4 %; P = 0.275). Thermal sensation was lower in the L-Menthol condition (P = 0.036), despite no changes in skin or core temperature (P > 0.05).

Conclusion
These results indicate that a non-thermal cooling mouth rinse lowered thermal sensation, resulting in an elevated work rate, which extended exercise time in the heat at a fixed RPE.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Menthol, Exercise, heat, Thermoregulation, Pacing, Perception
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: Departments > Sport and Exercise Sciences
Depositing User: Tess Flood
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2017 14:43
Last Modified: 15 May 2018 00:10
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/2839

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