Differences in functional and aesthetic body image between flyers and bases within university cheerleading.

Gibbens, Zoe (2016) Differences in functional and aesthetic body image between flyers and bases within university cheerleading. Undergraduate thesis, University of Chichester.

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Abstract

Research defines body image as the perceptions individuals hold towards their bodies, consisting of evaluative, cognitive and behavioural components, thus rendering body image a multi-dimensional construct (Brown, Cash & Milulka, 1990; Cash, Melnyk & Hrabosky, 2004). The first aim of the current study was to establish the differences in functional and aesthetic body image in flyers and bases in university cheerleading. The second aim was to establish any emergent themes that influence body image and the differences in these themes between flyers and bases. A mixed methods design was used in this study. Fifty-one female university cheerleaders, ranging from 19 to 23 years, participated in this study. The Embodied Image Scale (EIS) was used to show perceived aesthetic and functional body image. Participants were selected to interview based on their results of the EIS. Interviews were then carried out in order to find any emergent themes that influence body image. The results found that there was significant differences between flyers and bases in aesthetic satisfaction (t(48)= 2.137, p=0.038), and aesthetic values (t(48)= -2.438, p=0.019). The interviews established three general dimensions (sociocultural pressures, body image cognitions, behavioural coping strategies); which were split into 24 first and 9 second order themes. The present results permit us to conclude that flyers have a higher aesthetic body satisfaction than bases and thus make more effective evaluations towards their body dimensions then bases. Whereas bases have higher aesthetic values and therefore place a significantly higher degree of importance on their aesthetic body image than flyers. The results from the interviews concluded that different pressures influenced flyers and bases in different ways. The present study sought to fill a knowledge gap in the literature. However, further studies that include a larger sample size and that evaluate the influence of other factors such as previous sport involvement are needed.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: BSc (Hons.) Sport & Exercise Science (Physical Activity for Health)
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Departments > Sport and Exercise Sciences
Undergraduate Dissertations
Depositing User: Ann Jones
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2016 15:52
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2016 15:52
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/1985

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