The influence of court surface and gender on winning and losing shots in elite singles tennis.

May, Sam (2016) The influence of court surface and gender on winning and losing shots in elite singles tennis. Undergraduate thesis, University of Chichester.

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to establish the influence court surface and gender have on tennis singles performance at Grand Slam events and what shots elite players hit to win points. Using samples from the French Open (2015) played on clay, Wimbledon (2015) on grass and the Australian Open (2016) played on a hard court surface. A notation system created on Microsoft Excel (2013) was used to collect data from the male and female semi-final and final matches at these 3 tournaments, with a total of 2,400 points analysed. Countifs statements were created to illustrate percentages and frequencies for the performance indicators tested. Five separate chi-squared tests also recorded the association between specific performance indicators, with alpha level set at p<0.05; Outcome*Gender*Court Surface (p=0.0005), Shot Stroke*Outcome*Gender*Court Surface (p=0.0005), Shot Type*Outcome*Gender* Court Surface (p=0.0005), Point Winner*When Point is Live*Gender*Court Surface (p=0.0005), Outcome*Court Position of Winning/Losing Shots*Gender*Court Surface (p=0.0005). Gender and surface differences displayed that males hit more winning shots compared to females, with more winning shots hit on grass (male 78.75%, female 69.5%). Ladies’ singles also demonstrate more unforced errors compared to men’s singles. The impact of service is more noticeable in men’s singles than it is ladies’, with approximately 70% of points being won by the server in men’s singles and approximately 60% in ladies’, along with more aces hit by males and more double faults hit by females. Shot stroke analysis display that shots winning and losing points were hit using a forehand (female clay 46.5%, grass 42%, hard 47.75%; male clay 43.75%, grass 40.75%, hard 42.75%). Winning and losing shots demonstrated that topspin was the spin applied most by males and females on clay (59.75%; 51.5%) grass (44.5%; 49.75%) and hard surfaces (51.75%; 64.5%). Court surface and gender also influenced playing strategy, illustrating that faster court surfaces promote an attacking style of play with a greater number of winning shots played from inside the baseline on grass (female 54.75%, male 62.25%). Along with a larger number of unforced errors hit from behind the baseline on clay in men’s (19.75%) and ladies’ singles (18.75%). Completion of this study concluded that court surface and gender has shown to influence tennis performance regarding winning/losing shots and the position of the court they are hit from.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: BSc (Hons.) Sports Coaching Science
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Departments > Sport and Exercise Sciences
Undergraduate Dissertations
Depositing User: Ann Jones
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2016 15:52
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2016 15:52
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/1981

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