Assessing the Impact of Word Repetition Rate on Cognitive Defusion Efficacy

Papworth, R. N. (2016) Assessing the Impact of Word Repetition Rate on Cognitive Defusion Efficacy. Undergraduate thesis, University of Chichester.

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Abstract

Objective: The word repetition technique is used by Acceptance and Commitment Therapy as a method of facilitating cognitive defusion from distressing private experiences associated with problem words, such as thoughts, behaviours, or emotions (Blackledge, 2015). The present study conducted a randomised trial to manipulate the rate of word repetition and evaluate its impact on the efficacy of cognitive defusion. Method: Thirty-two participants (F = 24, M = 8) ranging in age from 19 to 46 years (M = 23.69, SD = 6.48) repeated a self-chosen negative self-evaluative word for 30 seconds at the rates of one word every 0.5, 1, or 2 seconds. Visual analogue scales (Wewers & Lowe, 1990) were used to measure the associated levels of discomfort and believability at pre- and immediately post-repetition, and one month later. Results: Word repetition rate did not elicit significant differences in the reduction of believability, however, there was a significantly greater reduction in discomfort in the 1-second condition in comparison to the 2-second condition. Both believability and discomfort were significantly reduced immediately after word repetition in the 0.5-seconds and 1-second conditions. The 2-second condition significantly reduced believability only. The 1-second condition alone maintained significant reductions in both believability and discomfort at one-month follow up. Conclusions: Word repetition at the rates of one word every 0.5 and 1 seconds are supported as effective methods of reducing distressing private experiences associated with problem words. Differences in the reduction of distressing private experiences appear to be elicited by word repetition rate, which future research should investigate further.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Departments > Psychology and Counselling
Undergraduate Dissertations
Depositing User: Steve Bowman
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2016 11:19
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2016 11:19
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/1891

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