Does self-affirmation reduce parents’ defensiveness towards health messages regarding children’s excessive sugar consumption?

Vine, Alice (2016) Does self-affirmation reduce parents’ defensiveness towards health messages regarding children’s excessive sugar consumption? Undergraduate thesis, University of Chichester.

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Abstract

High sugar consumption can lead to many unhealthy consequences including obesity and this issue needs to be explored. The present study aims to investigate the effects of self-affirmation and whether this manipulation can reduce parent’s defensiveness towards health warnings (personally relevant vs. non-relevant) regarding their child’s (aged 3-16) excessive sugar consumption. The study measured participant’s motivation and actual behaviour. The between-subjects design consisted of 3 time point questionnaires. Participants completed either a values-affirmation or control task and afterwards read a personally relevant ‘Your child’ vs. non-relevant ‘Children…’ health message. The results had no main effect on provision of sugary snacks at follow-up for self- affirmation, p=.77, or health message p=.34, In fact the only finding was a significant interaction between conditions for time 2 intentions, p=.04. An implication of the findings is that it informs health professionals about certain techniques, such as the use of personal pronouns, which help increase individuals motivation towards a health behaviour.

Key words: Self-affirmation, threatening, health message, personally relevant, non-relevant, motivation, sugar consumption, snacking behaviour.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Departments > Psychology and Counselling
Undergraduate Dissertations
Depositing User: Steve Bowman
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2016 10:21
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2016 10:21
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/1883

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