The effect of glycogen reduction on cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses during downhill running

Gavin, James P., Myers, Stephen D. and Willems, Mark E. T. (2015) The effect of glycogen reduction on cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses during downhill running. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 115 (5). pp. 1125-1133. ISSN 1439-6319

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Exercise-induced muscle damage and lowered glycogen stores are common during heavy training periods, and may prolong recovery. The study aim was to examine the effects of lowered glycogen on cardiorespiratory, metabolic and perceptual responses to downhill running.
METHODS: Twelve men performed two downhill runs (-12% gradient, 12.1±1.1 km•h-1) separated by 6 weeks, under normal (NORM) and reduced glycogen (RED) conditions in a crossover design. For RED, participants performed exhaustive cycling at 60% V ̇O2max power (95±13 min) in the evening, and the next morning completed a downhill run comprising of five stages of 8 min running, with 2 min recovery (1% gradient, 8 km•h-1) between each stage. Expired gas, heart rate (HR), rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and blood lactate (bLa) and glucose were measured for each stage. For NORM, a supervised 2 h sit replaced the cycling.
RESULTS: Blood glucose (P < 0.05) and respiratory exchange ratio (P < 0.01) were lower in RED, than NORM, throughout the downhill run. RED demonstrated higher bLa until stage four (P < 0.05), and RPE for stages two and five (P < 0.05). Ventilatory equivalent of carbon dioxide output (V ̇E/V ̇CO2) was higher for stages one (P < 0.01), two and five (P < 0.05), and oxygen uptake (V ̇E/V ̇O2) lower for stages three and four (P < 0.05) for RED.
CONCLUSIONS: Downhill running with reduced glycogen, elevated fat oxidation and bLa response, and, in part, increased effort perception. The alterations in V ̇E/V ̇O2 and bLa may suggest that carbon dioxide removal was somewhat impaired.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Muscle damage; Glycogen; Exercise metabolism; Eccentric exercise; Effort perception; Respiration
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: Research Centres > CCASES
Departments > Sport and Exercise Sciences
Depositing User: Mark Willems
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2015 10:20
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2019 12:22
URI: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/id/eprint/1611

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